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What is the primary process of metal forging processing

2023-10-17

The primary process of metal forging is the application of compressive forces to a heated metal to deform it into the desired shape. The process typically involves the following steps:

1. Heating the metal: The metal to be forged is heated to a temperature above its recrystallization temperature, which varies depending on the type of metal. The heating can be done in a furnace or using a torch or other heat source.

2. Applying force: The heated metal is placed on a die, which is a shaped tool that the metal will take the form of. Then, a hammer, press, or other forging tool is used to apply compressive forces to the metal, causing it to deform and take on the shape of the die.

3. Reheating and shaping: Depending on the complexity of the shape, the metal may need to be reheated and shaped multiple times to achieve the desired outcome. This is because as the metal cools, it becomes less pliable and more difficult to shape.

4. Finishing: Once the desired shape has been achieved, the forged metal is typically finished by machining, grinding, or polishing to remove any rough edges or surface imperfections.

The primary goal of metal forging is to produce strong, durable, and high-quality metal products that are resistant to fatigue, wear, and corrosion. The process is often used in the production of automotive and aerospace parts, as well as in the manufacturing of hand tools, industrial equipment, and other metal products.

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